Here's why Europe has mostly ditched wealth taxes over the last 25 years — even as Elizabeth Warren and Bernie Sanders seek them for the US
Over the past year, progressives have thrust the idea of taxing wealth towards the center of the Democratic primary. They contend it's an effective way to rein in income inequality and drastically cut the fortunes of the rich. But wealth taxes in Europe have never been a significant driver of government revenue across the continent for several key reasons. For starters, they were difficult to administer and the revenue generated was low as a result of exemptions on taxable assets. In the US, critics argue its an impractical way to raise revenue at the possible expense of hurting economic growth, and others have raised...Read more...
I took trains all the way from Istanbul to London, and eastern and western Europe felt like different worlds
The Cold War ended about 30 years ago — but many of the differences between eastern and western Europe remain. I witnessed many of them firsthand during a recent eight-day journey by train across Europe, from Istanbul to London. Some of the differences were obvious, like eastern European train stations usually seeming less busy, and things generally being less expensive. However, there were also a striking number of similarities, like friendly, helpful people everywhere I went. With many eastern European countries now part of the EU, it seems likely things will only become more similar. Visit Insider's homepage for more stories. The Iron...Read more...
Tesla CEO Elon Musk announced last week that a new factory is planned for Germany, in the Berlin area. This is a bad idea. The European auto industry already has too many factories for the region's level of demand. The European auto market also isn't growing. A shift to electric vehicles could happen, but it would be far more sensible for Tesla to take over an existing plant or hire a manufacturer to build its cars. Musk's addiction to storytelling is driving this decision. Sign up for Business Insider's transportation newsletter, Shifting Gears, to get more stories like this in your inbox.Read more...
US B-52 bombers and airmen deployed to the UK in October for Bomber Task Force 20-1. Bomber Task Force deployments are meant train US aircrews while reassuring partners and deterring foes. This rotation, which ended this week, was no different, as US bombers flew all over Europe and into the high north. Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories. Four US Air Force B-52 bombers from the 2nd Bomb Wing at Barksdale Air Force Base in Louisiana arrived in England with about 300 airmen on October 10 for a bomber task force deployment. The bombers were deployed to RAF...Read more...
This village of tiny houses in the Arctic is actually a hotel — and it's about as far away from other humans as you can get
The Arctic Hideaway is a hotel on a remote island off the coast of Norway, and you can stay in one of its tiny houses for $270 per night. The island is so remote you have to charter a boat or take a ferry. There are no cars or restaurants on the island. Most go to The Arctic Hideaway to experience the Northern Lights up close. Visit Insider's homepage for more stories. The tiny house movement is sweeping the globe — and can even be found on a remote island in Norway. This village of 10 tiny houses is actually...Read more...
Ford has a cult following in Europe, and its superfans take their love for the brand to the next level
Ford has a lot of love for Europe, and the feeling is mutual. Ford fan clubs, blogs, and memorabilia collections are popular in Europe. Some megafans have even gone so far as to tattoo the brand onto their bodies. Meet some of Ford's megafans and see how the love affair has blossomed. Visit BusinessInsider.com for more stories. SEE ALSO: Ford built a Transit van called Nugget that doubles as a tiny home that can sleep up to 4 people DON'T MISS: Corvettes and Mustangs are some of the hottest cars money can buy — here's how they compare Some Europeans just can't get enough of...Read more...
Out of the box, Joomla! does a great job of managing the content needed to make your Web site sing. But for many people, the true power of Joomla! lies in the application framework that makes it possible for developers all around the world to create powerful add-ons that are called Extensions. An Extension is used to add capabilities to Joomla! that do not exist in the base core code. Here are just some examples of the hundreds of available Extensions:
You can find more examples over at our ever growing Joomla! Extensions Directory. Prepare to be amazed at the amount of exciting work produced by our active developer community!
A useful guide to the Extension site can be found at:
Types of Extensions
There are five types of extensions:
You can read more about the specifics of these using the links in the Article Index - a Table of Contents (yet another useful feature of Joomla!) - at the top right or by clicking on the Next link below.
A Component is the largest and most complex of the Extension types. Components are like mini-applications that render the main body of the page. An analogy that might make the relationship easier to understand would be that Joomla! is a book and all the Components are chapters in the book. The core Article Component (com_content), for example, is the mini-application that handles all core Article rendering just as the core registration Component (com_user) is the mini-application that handles User registration.
Many of Joomla!'s core features are provided by the use of default Components such as:
A Component will manage data, set displays, provide functions, and in general can perform any operation that does not fall under the general functions of the core code.
Components work hand in hand with Modules and Plugins to provide a rich variety of content display and functionality aside from the standard Article and content display. They make it possible to completely transform Joomla! and greatly expand its capabilities.
A more lightweight and flexible Extension used for page rendering is a Module. Modules are used for small bits of the page that are generally less complex and able to be seen across different Components. To continue in our book analogy, a Module can be looked at as a footnote or header block, or perhaps an image/caption block that can be rendered on a particular page. Obviously you can have a footnote on any page but not all pages will have them. Footnotes also might appear regardless of which chapter you are reading. Simlarly Modules can be rendered regardless of which Component you have loaded.
Modules are like little mini-applets that can be placed anywhere on your site. They work in conjunction with Components in some cases and in others are complete stand alone snippets of code used to display some data from the database such as Articles (Newsflash) Modules are usually used to output data but they can also be interactive form items to input data for example the Login Module or Polls.
Modules can be assigned to Module positions which are defined in your Template and in the back-end using the Module Manager and editing the Module Position settings. For example, "left" and "right" are common for a 3 column layout.
Each Module is assigned to a Module position on your site. If you wish it to display in two different locations you must copy the Module and assign the copy to display at the new location. You can also set which Menu Items (and thus pages) a Module will display on, you can select all Menu Items or you can pick and choose by holding down the control key and selecting multiple locations one by one in the Modules [Edit] screen
Note: Your Main Menu is a Module! When you create a new Menu in the Menu Manager you are actually copying the Main Menu Module (mod_mainmenu) code and giving it the name of your new Menu. When you copy a Module you do not copy all of its parameters, you simply allow Joomla! to use the same code with two separate settings.
Newsflash is a Module which will display Articles from your site in an assignable Module position. It can be used and configured to display one Category, all Categories, or to randomly choose Articles to highlight to Users. It will display as much of an Article as you set, and will show a Read more... link to take the User to the full Article.
The Newsflash Component is particularly useful for things like Site News or to show the latest Article added to your Web site.
One of the more advanced Extensions for Joomla! is the Plugin. In previous versions of Joomla! Plugins were known as Mambots. Aside from changing their name their functionality has been expanded. A Plugin is a section of code that runs when a pre-defined event happens within Joomla!. Editors are Plugins, for example, that execute when the Joomla! event onGetEditorArea occurs. Using a Plugin allows a developer to change the way their code behaves depending upon which Plugins are installed to react to an event.
New to Joomla! 1.5 and perhaps the most basic and critical Extension is a Language. Joomla! is released with multiple Installation Languages but the base Site and Administrator are packaged in just the one Language en-GB - being English with GB spelling for example. To include all the translations currently available would bloat the core package and make it unmanageable for uploading purposes. The Language files enable all the User interfaces both Front-end and Back-end to be presented in the local preferred language. Note these packs do not have any impact on the actual content such as Articles.
More information on languages is available from the
|Last Updated on Monday, 11 August 2008 06:00|